CRAFT Ontario defines Ecological Agriculture according to the General Principles of Organic Production, as outlined in Chapter 1 of the Organic Field Crop Handbook, Second Edition, 2001, produced by Canadian Organic Growers.
CRAFT farmers are not required to be certified organic, but they must farm and teach according to these principles.
The key statements from these principles are:
- PROTECT the environment, minimize soil degradation and erosion, decrease pollution, optimize biological productivity and promote a sound state of health.
- REPLENISH and maintain long-term soil fertility by optimizing conditions for biological activity within the soil.
- MAINTAIN diversity within, and surrounding, the enterprise, and protect and enhance the biological diversity of native plants and wildlife.
- RECYCLE materials and resources to the greatest extent possible within the enterprise.
- PROVIDE attentive care that promotes the health and behavioural needs of livestock.
- MAINTAIN the integrity of organic food and processed products from initial handling to point of sale.
Further details can be found on pages 3-5 of the Organic Field Crop Handbook.
CRAFT Ontario farms specifically reject the use of genetically engineered/genetically modified organisms in their practices.
All farms in CRAFT Ontario are either certified organic or have adopted organic farming principles.